Where these woodlands extend to the foothills surrounding the valley, they intergrade with Blue Oak Woodlands or Blue Oak-Foothill Pine habitats. Land Relief. The Central Valley (also called the Great Central Valley) is a very large valley in the middle of California, in the United States.About 42,000 square miles (108,779 square kilometers) in size, it is about the size of the state of Tennessee.It consists of two connected, differently named valleys, the Sacramento Valley and the San Joaquin Valley.. Major cities in this region of the state include Fresno, Modesto, Stockton and the state’s capital, Sacramento. Ranging in width from 30 to 60 miles (78 to 155 kilometers), the Central Valley is divided into two smaller valleys: the Sacramento Valley in the north and San Joaquin Valley in the south. The 366-mile-long San Joaquin River is the longest river in Central California and is a major water source for the region. San Fernando Valley news coverage, including breaking news, crime, politics and other issues affecting Valley communities. Originally built in 1980 as a place to protect and foster injured wildlife, the zoo opened to the public in 1983 to educate the local community on the importance of conservation. Its single opening is the delta through which the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers drain into San Francisco Bay. The adjoining San Joaquin and Sacramento Valleys form the Great Central Valley, which stretches over 450 miles from the Tehachapi Mountains in the south to the Cascade Range in the north. The Central Valley, also known as the Great Valley of California, covers about 20,000 square miles and is one of the more notable structural depressions in the world. The major bodies of water in California include Lake Tahoe, the Gulf of California, the Sacramento River, the San Joaquin River, Salton Sea, Clear Lake and Lake Shasta. Map of the Central Valley's four major regions. Regional Characteristics. Habitat-- VOWs in the Great Valley usually merge with Annual Grasslands or border agricultural land. Some major landforms in California are the Yosemite Half Dome, the San Francisco Bay, Death Valley … The Gulf of California, also called the Sea of Cortez or the Vermillion Sea, is a narrow sea that separates the Baja California Peninsula from mainland Mexico. Situated along the San Joaquin River and downstream from the Friant Dam, the San Joaquin Fish Hatchery is an awesome opportunity for outdoor recreation in the Central Valley . California has eight major regions: The Central valley, Coastal California, Northern California, Eastern California, Southern California, Inland Empire, and Imperial Valley. Near major stream courses this community intergrades with Valley-Foothill Riparian vegetation. This basin, once the floor of an inland sea, lies between the Coast Ranges and the Sierra Nevada Mountains. 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