The Lesson steps then explain how to calculate each note interval name, number, spelling and quality. The Solution below shows the 2nd note intervals above note F, and their inversions on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. (The staff system doesn't show the semitones and major 2nd but it is since we used note lines defined that the half steps of a tetrachord (4 note scale respectively 4 tone strings) are always between B - C and E - F. In other words, going up from C to Bb is a minor 7th. So a minor 7 th chord is made up of: Root; Minor 3 rd; Perfect 5 th; Minor 7 th; In the case of our Dm7. Minor 7th: Eb is the 7th note of the scale. The minor major seventh chord has been used as the i chord, giving the progression a more exotic sound. The Lesson steps then explain how to calculate each note interval name, number, spelling and quality. info). The four note extended chords are F major seventh, G minor seventh, A minor seventh, Bb major seventh, C dominant seventh, D minor seventh, and E minor seventh flat five. Going C down to Bb is thus a major 2nd. F 2nd intervals. The minor-minor sixth chord (minor triad with an added minor sixth) is an inversion of this chord. A major interval always has 3 other intervals grouped around it - one higher and two lower: > One half-tone / semitone up from the major interval is the augmented interval. D minor 7 (written as Dm7) adds in a minor 7 th note – which is a C. So Dm7 contains the D, F, A & C notes. Here’s a diagram of the F natural minor scale on the treble clef. C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, B, C. Notes In C Minor Major Seventh Chord: C, Eb, G, B. It’s used frequently in rock, funk, jazz, and most everywhere else. F-sharp 7th intervals. The final lesson step explains how to invert each interval. Many times you’ll find minor 7ths as the main, foundational chords when you’re in a minor key. Example Sequence: Below is a jazz chord progression in C minor. The final lesson step explains how to invert each interval. Having established that the major 7th interval of the G major scale is note F#, this step will explore the other 7th intervals next this note. Here’s the F natural minor scale on piano. Using the circle of fourths/fifths: …the F dominant seventh chord resolves counter-clockwise to Bb, the Bb dominant seventh chord resolves counter-clockwise to Eb, the Eb dominant seventh chord resolves counter-clockwise to Ab, etc. G-F down steps = major 2nd, G-F up steps = minor 7th. The Solution below shows the 7th note intervals above note F#, and their inversions on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. More often you’ll see them, like minor triads, mixed among other types of chords. To figure out the interval from C down to Bb, we switch minor to major and invert the 7th to a 2nd. VI – F major, F major seventh (Fmaj, Fmaj7) VII – G major, G dominant seventh (Gmaj, G7) To learn more about chords by key (what chords are in what key and why), check out my book, Master Piano Chords By Key And Give Yourself A Big Advantage When Playing, Learning Or Writing Songs . This explains why the C dominant seventh chord can resolve to the F major triad or the F minor triad. As another example, Ab up to Db is a perfect 4th. To figure out Ab down to Db we leave the modifier of perfect as is, then invert the 4th to a 5th. The minor 7th chord is the most common minor-type seventh chord you’ll come across. Here’s the F natural minor scale on the bass clef. A minor seventh is a minor chord with a minor 7 th note added to it. So for example, a D Minor chord has the notes D, F & A. Perfect 8th: F (one octave higher) is the 8th note of the B natural minor scale. The trick is to select a note in the F major scale. 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